Theory of limits of sequences of Latin squares

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Frederik Garbe Robert Hancock Jan Hladký Maryam Sharifzadeh


We build up a limit theory for sequences of Latin squares, which parallels the theory of limits of dense graph sequences. Our limit objects, which we call Latinons, are certain two variable functions whose values are probability distributions on [0,1]. Left-convergence is defined using densities of k by k subpatterns in finite Latin squares, which extends to Latinons. We also provide counterparts to the cut distance, and prove a counting lemma, and an inverse counting lemma.

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Garbe, F., Hancock, R., Hladký, J., & Sharifzadeh, M. (2019). Theory of limits of sequences of Latin squares. Acta Mathematica Universitatis Comenianae, 88(3), 709-716. Retrieved from